1: Chemical Product Identification

Product Name: Citric acid, monohydrate
Catalogue Codes: SLC5239, SLC2449, SLC4237, SLC1444, SLC3235
CAS#: 5949-29-1
RTECS: GE7350000
TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: no products found
CI#: Not applicable.
Synonym: 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid monohydrate
Chemical Name: Not available.
Chemical Formula: C6H8O7

2. Composition and Information on Ingredients 

Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Citric acid, monohydrate: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 6730 mg/kg [Rat.].

3: Hazards Identification

Potential Acute Health Effects:

Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of inhalation (lung irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer), of ingestion. The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal

damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage,

choking, unconsciousness or death.

Potential Chronic Health Effects:

Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer).




DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may

be toxic to teeth. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.

4: First Aid Measures

Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention.

Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Cold water may be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.

Serious Skin Contact:

Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek medical attention.


If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.

Serious Inhalation: Not available.


Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention if symptoms appear.

Serious Ingestion: Not available.

5: Fire and Explosion Data

Flammability of the Product:                                       May be combustible at high temperature.

Auto-Ignition Temperature:                                        Not available.

Flash Points:                                                                       Not available.

Flammable Limits:                                                            LOWER: 8%

Products of Combustion:                                              These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2).

Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of oxidizing materials, of reducing materials. Slightly flammable to flammable in presence of heat, of combustible materials.

Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.

Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:

SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder. LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. Do not use water jet.

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:

Material in powder form, capable of creating a dust explosion. As with most organic solids, fire is possible at elevated temperatures

Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards:                   Not available.

6: Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill:

Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.

Large Spill:

Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapours. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Eliminate all ignition sources. Call for assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.

7: Handling and Storage


Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective clothing If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, alkalis.

Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.

8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Controls:

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.

Personal Protection:

Safety glasses. Lab coat. Gloves (impervious). Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. The dust respirator should be used for conditions where exposure has exceeded recommended exposure limits, dust is apparent, and engineering controls (adequate ventilation) are not feasible.

Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self-contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.

Exposure Limits: Not available.

9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state and appearance:                                  Solid. (Solid crystalline powder.)

odour:                                                                                   Not available.

Taste:                                                                                    Acid. (Strong.)

Molecular Weight:                                                           210.14 g/mole

Colour:                                                                                 Colourless.

pH (1% soln/water):                                                        3 [Acidic.]

Boiling Point:                                                                     Not available.

Melting Point:                                                                    Decomposes. (45°C or 113°F)

Critical Temperature:                                                     Not available.

Specific Gravity:                                                                1.54 (Water = 1)

Vapor Pressure:                                                                Not applicable.

Vapor Density:                                                                   Not available.

Volatility:                                                                             Not available.

odour Threshold:                                                              Not available.

Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.:                                                   Not available.

Iconicity (in Water):                                                         Not available.

Dispersion Properties:                                                    See solubility in water, methanol, diethyl ether.

Solubility:                                                                            Easily soluble in cold water, hot water. Partially soluble in methanol, diethyl ether. Insoluble in n-octanol.

10: Stability and Reactivity Data

Stability:                                                                               The product is stable.

Instability Temperature:                                               Not available.

Conditions of Instability:                                               Excess heat, incompatible materials, moisture/moisture air. Slightly deliquescent in moist air

Incompatibility with various substances:                Reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, metals, alkalis.

Corrosivity:                                                                         Not available.

Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Incompatible with oxidizing agents, potassium tartrate, alkali, alkaline earth carbonates and bicarbonates, acetates, and sulphides, metal nitrates

Special Remarks on Corrosivity:                                  Not available.

Polymerization:                                                                 Will not occur.

11: Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry: Inhalation. Ingestion.

Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 6730 mg/kg [Rat.].

Chronic Effects on Humans: May cause damage to the following organs: teeth.

Other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Hazardous in case of inhalation (lung irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer), of ingestion.

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available.

Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: Not available.

Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Acute Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Causes mild to moderate skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.

Eyes: Causes moderate to severe eye irritation and possible injury.

Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal (digestive) tract irritation with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Excessive intake may cause erosion of teeth and hypocalcaemia (calcium deficiency in blood). May affect behaviour/central nervous system (tremor, convulsions, muscle contraction or spasticity).

Inhalation: Causes moderate respiratory tract and mucous membrane irritation.

Chronic Potential Health Effects: Frequent intake of citrated beverages may cause erosion of dental enamel and irritation of mucous membranes.

12: Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Not available.

BOD5 and COD: Not available.

Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short-term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The product itself and its products of degradation are not toxic.

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

13: Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

14: Transport Information

DOT Classification: Not a DOT controlled material (United States).

Identification: Not applicable.

Special Provisions for Transport: Not applicable.

15: Other Regulatory Information


Other Regulations: Not available.

Protective Equipment:

Gloves (impervious). Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate

respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Safety glasses.

16: Other Information

References: Not available

Other Special Considerations: Not available.


All information and instructions provided in this Material Safety Data Sheet in respect of the substance is given solely in terms of the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Act No 85 of 1993

and Regulations (“the Act”), is based on scientific and technical knowledge as at the date indicated on this MS Material Safety Data Sheet and is presented in good faith to be correct.

The information and instructions provided in this MSDS apply only to the substance in its present form and not to any formulation or mix, in which event it is the sole responsibility of the user of the substance as formulated and/or mixed to investigate and establish any danger which may arise out of its use, wherever such user may be situated.

It is the sole responsibility of the person in receipt of this Material Safety Data Sheet wherever such recipient may be situated, to ensure that the information provided is communicated to and understood by any person who may come in contact with the substance in any place and in any manner whatsoever. If such recipient produces formulations or mixes using the substance, then it is such recipient’s sole responsibility to comply with the provisions of the Act in respect of the provision of the necessary Material Safety Data Sheet, or to comply with any other applicable legislation.