3: Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of ingestion, of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Non-corrosive for skin. Non-corrosive to the eyes. Non-corrosive for lungs. Prolonged exposure may result in skin burns and ulcerations. Over-exposure by inhalation may cause respiratory irritation.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Classified A3 (Proven for animal.) by ACGIH [Hydrogen Peroxide]. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. [Hydrogen Peroxide]. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. [Hydrogen Peroxide].
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be toxic to blood, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
4: First Aid Measures
Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Cold water may be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.
Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention if symptoms appear.
Serious Inhalation: Not available.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention if symptoms appear.
Serious Ingestion: Not available.
5: Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.
Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Points: Not applicable.
Flammable Limits: Not applicable.
Products of Combustion: Not available.
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Non-explosive in presence of open flames and sparks, of shocks, of heat, of reducing materials, of combustible materials, of organic materials, of metals, of acids, of alkalis.
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Most cellulose (wood, cotton) materials contain enough catalyst to cause spontaneous ignition with 90% Hydrogen Peroxide. Hydrogen Peroxide is a strong oxide. It is not flammable itself, but it can cause spontaneous combustion of flammable materials and continued support of the combustion because it liberates oxygen as it decomposes. Hydrogen peroxide mixed with magnesium and a trace of magnesium dioxide will ignite immediately.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Soluble fuels (acetone, ethanol, glycerol) will detonate on a mixture with peroxide over 30% concentration, the violence increasing with concentration. Explosive with acetic acid, acetic anhydride, acetone, alcohols, carboxylic acids, nitrogen containing bases, As2S3, Cl2 + KOH, FeS, FeSO4 + 2 methylpyridine + H2SO4, nitric acid, potassium permanganate, P2O5, H2Se, Alcohols + H2SO4, Alcohols + tin chloride, Antimony trisulfide, chlorosulfonic acid, Aromatic hydrocarbons + trifluoroacetic acid, Azelaic acid + sulfuric acid (above 45 C), Benzenesulfonic anhydride, tert-butanol + sulfuric acid, Hydrazine, Sulfuric acid, Sodium iodate, Tetrahydrothiophene, Thiodiglycol, Mercurous oxide, mercuric oxide, Lead dioxide, Lead oxide, Manganese dioxide, Lead sulphide, Gallium + HCl, Ketenes + nitric acid, Iron (II) sulphate + 2-methylpyridine + sulfuric acid, Iron (II) sulphate + nitric acid, + sodium carboxymethylcellulose (when
6: Accidental Release Measures
Dilute with water and mop up or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.
7: Handling and Storage
Precautions: Keep locked up. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Separate from acids, alkalis, reducing agents and combustibles. See NFPA 43A, Code for the Storage of Liquid and Solid Oxidizers. Do not store above 30°C (86°F). Sensitive to light. Store in light-resistant containers.
8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapours below their respective threshold limit value.
Personal Protection: Splash goggles. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self-contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
9: Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Liquid.
Odour: Not available.
Molecular Weight: Not applicable.
Colour: Colourless. Clear
pH (1% soln/water): Neutral.
Boiling Point: The lowest known value is 100°C (212°F) (Water). Weighted average: 101.56°C (214.8°F)
Melting Point: May start to solidify at -0.43°C (31.2°F) based on data for: Hydrogen Peroxide.
Critical Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity: Weighted average: 1.01 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure: The highest known value is 2.3 kPa (@ 20°C) (Water). Weighted average: 2.24 kPa (@ 20°C)
Vapor Density: The highest known value is 1.2 (Air = 1) (Hydrogen Peroxide). Weighted average: 0.64 (Air = 1)
Volatility: Not available.
Odour Threshold: Not available.
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.
Iconicity (in Water): Not available.
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water, diethyl ether.
Solubility: Soluble in cold water, diethyl ether.
10: Stability and Reactivity Data
Stability: The product is stable.
Instability Temperature: Not available.
Conditions of Instability: Light, excess heat, combustible materials, incompatible materials (Hydrogen Peroxide)
Incompatibility with various substances: Slightly reactive to reactive with reducing agents, combustible materials, organic materials, metals, acids, alkalis.
Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks on Reactivity: Light Sensitive. Incompatible with reducing materials, ethers (dioxane, furfuran), oxidizing materials, Metals (e.g. potassium, sodium lithium, iron, copper, brass, bronze, chromium, zinc, lead, silver), metal oxides (e.g. cobalt oxide, iron oxide, lead oxide, lead hydroxide, manganese oxide), metal salts (e.g. calcium permanganate), manganese, asbestos, vanadium, platinum, tungsten, molybdenum, triethylamine, palladium, sodium pyrophosphate, carboxylic acids, cyclopentadiene, formic acid, rust, ketones, cyanides, sodium carbonate alcohols, sodium borate, aniline, mercurous chloride, rust sodium pyrophosphate, hexavalent chromium compounds, tetrahydrofuran, sodium fluoride organic matter, potassium permanganate, urea, chlorosulfonic acid, manganese dioxide, hydrogen selenide, charcoal, coal, sodium borate, alkalis, cyclopentadiene, glycerine. Caused to decompose catalytically by metals (in order of decreasing effectiveness): Osmium, Palladium, Platinum, Iridium, Gold, Silver, Manganese, Cobalt, Copper, Lead (Hydrogen Peroxide) A solution of 3% Hydrogen peroxide is also incompatible with: Albumin, Alkali citrates, Balsam Peru, Phenol, Tinctures, and Lime water
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Not available.
Polymerization: Will not occur.
11: Toxicological Information
Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Eye contact.
Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 66667 mg/kg (Mouse) (Calculated value for the mixture). Acute dermal toxicity (LD50): 66667 mg/kg (pig) (Calculated value for the mixture).
Chronic Effects on Humans:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Classified A3 (Proven for animal.) by ACGIH [Hydrogen Peroxide]. Classified 3 (Not classifiable for human.) by IARC [Hydrogen Peroxide].
MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. [Hydrogen Peroxide]. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. [Hydrogen Peroxide]. Contains material which may cause damage to the following organs: blood, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes, central nervous system (CNS).
Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of ingestion, of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Non-corrosive for skin. Non-corrosive to the eyes. Non-corrosive for lungs.
Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available.
Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: May may affect genetic material. May cause cancer (be tumorigenic) based on animal data. IARC states that there is either no adequate human data or inadequate evidence for carcinogenicity in humans. (Hydrogen Peroxide)
Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:
Acute Potential Health Effects:
Skin: May cause skin irritation. May cause reddening of the skin and temporary discoloration/ whitening of the skin. Absorption into skin may affect behaviour, brain, respiration (pulmonary enema)
Eyes: Causes eye irritation. Symptoms may include burning sensation, redness, inflammation, pain and possible corneal enema, and corneal cloudiness. Vapours may cause eye irritation. Inhalation: Not expected to be a health hazard under normal conditions. May cause respiratory tract and mucous membrane irritation with coughing, laryngitis, bronchitis, pulmonary enema. May affect respiration (dyspnoea). May also cause headache, nausea, and vomiting. Ingestion: Ingestion of large doses may cause digestive tract/gastrointestinal tract irritation (irritation or possible blistering of the tongue, buccal muosa/mouth, throat, and stomach) with nausea, vomiting, hypermotility, and diarrhea. May cause difficulty in swallowing, stomach distension. May affect blood (change in leukocyte count, pigmented or nucleated red blood cells). May affect behaviour/central nervous system. May affect cardiovascular system and cause vascular collapse and damage.
Chronic Potential Health Effects: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated ingestion may affect metabolism (weight loss). Prolonged or repeated inhalation may affect respiration, blood. Continue use of hydrogen peroxide solution as a mouth wash, even at half-strength, may cause hypertrophied filiform papillae of the tongue (“hairy tongue”). But these disappear after it is discontinued
12: Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity: Not available.
BOD5 and COD: Not available.
Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short-term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The product itself and its products of degradation are not toxic.
Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.
13: Disposal Considerations
Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.
14: Transport Information
DOT Classification: Not a DOT controlled material (United States).
Identification: Not applicable.
Special Provisions for Transport: Not applicable.
15: Other Regulatory Information
Protective Equipment: Gloves. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Splash goggles.
16: Other Information
References: Not available.
Other Special Considerations: Not available.
EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY
All information and instructions provided in this Material Safety Data Sheet in respect of the substance is given solely in terms of the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Act No 85 of 1993
and Regulations (“the Act”), is based on scientific and technical knowledge as at the date indicated on this MS Material Safety Data Sheet and is presented in good faith to be correct.
The information and instructions provided in this MSDS apply only to the substance in its present form and not to any formulation or mix, in which event it is the sole responsibility of the user of the substance as formulated and/or mixed to investigate and establish any danger which may arise out of its use, wherever such user may be situated.
It is the sole responsibility of the person in receipt of this Material Safety Data Sheet wherever such recipient may be situated, to ensure that the information provided is communicated to and understood by any person who may come in contact with the substance in any place and in any manner whatsoever. If such recipient produces formulations or mixes using the substance, then it is such recipient’s sole responsibility to comply with the provisions of the Act in respect of the provision of the necessary Material Safety Data Sheet, or to comply with any other applicable legislation.