1: Chemical Product Identification

Product Name:                                  Ammonium chloride AF animal feed grade
Catalogue Codes:  
TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory:
CI#:                                                        Not available.
Synonym:                                            Ammonium chloride
Chemical Name:
Chemical Formula:                          NH(4)CL

2. Composition and Information on Ingredients 

3: Hazards Identification

Emergency overview:

Irritating to eyes.

Use NIOSH approved respirator as needed to mitigate exposure.

Eye wash fountains and safety showers must be easily accessible.

Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.

State of matter:                                solid

Colour:                                                 white

Odour:                                                  almost odourless

Potential health effects:

Acute toxicity:

Of moderate toxicity after single ingestion. Virtually nontoxic after a single skin contact. The product has not been fully tested. The statements have been derived in parts from products of a similar structure or composition.

Irritation / corrosion: Not irritating to the skin. Eye contact causes irritation.

Assessment other acute effects: Apart from effects causing lethality, no specific target organ toxicity was observed in experimental studies.

Sensitization: Skin sensitizing effects were not observed in animal studies.

Chronic toxicity: Carcinogenicity: In long-term studies in rats in which the substance was given by feed, a carcinogenic effect was not observed.

Repeated dose toxicity: Repeated oral uptake of the substance did not cause substance-related effects.

Repeated ingestion of large amounts may lead to metabolic acidosis.

Teratogenicity: No indications of a developmental toxic / teratogenic effect were seen in animal studies.

Genotoxicity: In the majority of studies performed with microorganisms and in mammalian cell culture, a mutagenic effect was not found. A mutagenic effect was also not observed in in vivo tests.

Signs and symptoms of overexposure:

Overexposure may cause: vomiting, lethargy, confusion, hyperventilation, nausea, headache

Potential environmental effects

Aquatic toxicity: Acutely harmful for aquatic organisms. The inhibition of the degradation activity of activated sludge is not anticipated when introduced to biological treatment plants in appropriate low concentrations.

4: First-Aid Measures

General advice: Remove contaminated clothing.

If inhaled: Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical advice.

If on skin: Wash thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical advice.

If in eyes: Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

If swallowed: Rinse mouth immediately and then drink plenty of water, seek medical attention.

Note to physician

Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known

specific antidote.

5: Fire-Fighting Measures

Flash point: not applicable

Autoignition: The substance / product decomposes therefore not determined.

Flammability: not flammable (other)

Self-ignition temperature: not applicable, not self-igniting

Suitable extinguishing media: foam, water spray, dry powder

Hazards during fire-fighting: ammonia, Hydrogen chloride,

The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released if the product is involved in a fire.

Protective equipment for fire-fighting: Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus.

Further information: Product itself is non-combustible; fire extinguishing method of surrounding areas must be considered. In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes. Large quantities of extinguishing water containing dissolved product should be contained. Contaminated extinguishing water must be disposed of in accordance with official regulations.

Impact Sensitivity:

Remarks: Based on the chemical structure there is no shock-sensitivity.

6: Accidental release measures

Personal precautions:                     Use personal protective clothing.

Environmental precautions:         Do not empty into drains.

Clean up:                                             Avoid raising dust.

For small amounts:                          Sweep/shovel up.

For large amounts:                          Sweep/shovel up.

7: Handling and Storage


General advice: Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.

Protection against fire and explosion: No special precautions necessary.


General advice: Protect against moisture.

Storage incompatibility: General advice: Segregate from alkalis and alkalizing substances. Segregate from nitrites. Segregate from oxidants.

Specific chemicals to avoid: sodium nitrate.

8: Exposure Controls and Personal Protection

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection: Breathing protection if breathable aerosols/dust are formed. Wear a NIOSH-certified (or equivalent) particulate respirator.

Hand protection: Chemical resistant protective gloves, Suitable materials, rubber, plastic

Eye protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles (chemical goggles).

Body protection: Body protection must be chosen based on level of activity and exposure.

General safety and hygiene measures: Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.

9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Form:                                    crystalline, powder

Odour:                                  almost odourless

Odour threshold:              No data available.

Colour:                                 white

pH value:                             4.7 (200 g/l, 25 °C) (DIN ISO 976)

Melting point:                    338 °C The substance / product decomposes. Literature data.

Sublimation point:           338 °C The substance / product decomposes.

Vapour pressure:             66 mbar (250 °C)

Density:                                1.53 g/cm3 (25 °C) Literature data.

Bulk density:                      600 – 900 kg/m3 (DIN ISO 697)

Partitioning coefficient n octanol/water (log Pow):  The value has not been determined because

the substance is inorganic.

Viscosity, dynamic:          not applicable

Solubility in water:           372 g/l (20 °C) Literature data.

10: Stability and Reactivity

Conditions to avoid: Avoid heat. Avoid moisture. See MSDS section 7 – Handling and storage.

Substances to avoid: nitrites, nitrates, oxidizing agents

Hazardous reactions: Violent reaction under influence of oxidizing agents. Incompatible with bases. Reacts with nitrites.

Decomposition products: Hazardous decomposition products: Hydrogen chloride, ammonia

Thermal decomposition: To avoid thermal decomposition, do not overheat.

Oxidizing properties: Based on its structural properties the product is not classified as oxidizing.

11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

Oral:                                      Type of value: LD50

Species:                                rat (male/female)

Value:                                   1,410 mg/kg (BASF-Test)


Study scientifically not justified.

Dermal:                                Type of value: LD50

Species:                                rat (male/female)

Value:                                   > 2,000 mg/kg

The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from substances/products of a similar structure or composition.

Irritation / corrosion


Species:                                rabbit

Result:                                  non-irritant

Method:                              Draize test


Species:                                rabbit

Result:                                  Irritant.

Method:                              BASF-Test

Sensitization:                     Guinea pig maximization test

Species:                                guinea pig

Result:                                  Non-sensitizing.

Aspiration Hazard:           not applicable

12: Ecological Information



Oncorhynchus mykiss/LC50 (96 h): = 42,91 mg/l Ammonium chloride

Prosopium williamsoni/LC50 (96 h): = 46,27 mg/l Ammonium chloride


Flow through.

Lepomis macrochirus (30 d): = 4,28 mg/l ammonium chloride

Aquatic invertebrates

Acute: static

Ceriodaphnia dubia/EC50 (48 h): 98,5 mg/l Ammonium chloride


Daphnia magna/EC50 (48 h): 136,6 mg/l Ammonium chloride

Chronic: semistatic 70 d

Aquatic plants

Toxicity to aquatic plants: static

green algae/EC50 (5 d): 1,300 mg/l

The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from substances/products of a similar structure or composition.


green algae/EC50 (18 d): 2,700 mg/l

The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from substances/products of a similar structure or composition.


Toxicity to microorganisms: OECD Guideline 209 aquatic

activated sludge, domestic/EC20 (0.5 h): approx. 850 mg/l


Other terrestrial non-mammals: Study scientifically not justified.


Toxicity to terrestrial plants: No observed effect concentration (84 d): 626 mg/l

The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from substances/products of a similar structure or composition.

Soil living organisms

Toxicity to soil dwelling organisms: artificial soil

Eisenia foetida/LC50 (14 d): 163 mg/kg

Degradability / Persistence

Biological / Abiological Degradation

Evaluation: Inorganic product which cannot be eliminated from water by biological purification


Can be oxidized to nitrate, or be reduced to nitrogen, by microorganisms.


Accumulation in organisms is not to be expected.

The product has not been tested. The statements on environmental fate and pathway have been derived from the properties of the individual components.

13: Disposal considerations

Waste disposal of substance: Dispose of in a licensed facility. Observe all local regulations.

Container disposal: Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.

14: Transport Information

Land transport – Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulations

Sea transport – Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulations

Air transport – Not classified as a dangerous good under transport regulations

Further information

Specific national features of transport regulations must be observed. They are to be found in the shipping documents.

15: Regulatory Information

Registration status:

Chemical DSL, CA released / listed

Feed DSL, CA released / exempt

  1. Other Information

References: Not available.

Other Special Considerations: Not available.


All information and instructions provided in this Material Safety Data Sheet in respect of the substance is given solely in terms of the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Act No 85 of 1993

and Regulations (“the Act”), is based on scientific and technical knowledge as at the date indicated on this MS Material Safety Data Sheet and is presented in good faith to be correct.

The information and instructions provided in this MSDS apply only to the substance in its present form and not to any formulation or mix, in which event it is the sole responsibility of the user of the substance as formulated and/or mixed to investigate and establish any danger which may arise out of its use, wherever such user may be situated.

It is the sole responsibility of the person in receipt of this Material Safety Data Sheet wherever such recipient may be situated, to ensure that the information provided is communicated to and understood by any person who may come in contact with the substance in any place and in any manner whatsoever. If such recipient produces formulations or mixes using the substance, then it is such recipient’s sole responsibility to comply with the provisions of the Act in respect of the provision of the necessary Material Safety Data Sheet, or to comply with any other applicable legislation.